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  1. Endogenous retroviruses (ERVs) are remnants of ancient retroviral infections of mammalian germline cells. A large proportion of ERVs lose their open reading frames (ORFs), while others retain them and become e...

    Authors: Mahoko Takahashi Ueda, Kirill Kryukov, Satomi Mitsuhashi, Hiroaki Mitsuhashi, Tadashi Imanishi and So Nakagawa
    Citation: Mobile DNA 2020 11:29
  2. Tc1/mariner and Zator, as two superfamilies of IS630-Tc1-mariner (ITm) group, have been well-defined. However, the molecular evolution and domestication of pogo transposons, once designated as an important family...

    Authors: Bo Gao, Yali Wang, Mohamed Diaby, Wencheng Zong, Dan Shen, Saisai Wang, Cai Chen, Xiaoyan Wang and Chengyi Song
    Citation: Mobile DNA 2020 11:25
  3. The target capture protein MuB is responsible for the high efficiency of phage Mu transposition within the E. coli genome. However, some targets are off-limits, such as regions immediately outside the Mu ends (ci...

    Authors: David M. Walker and Rasika M. Harshey
    Citation: Mobile DNA 2020 11:26
  4. Insertion sequences (IS) are ubiquitous transposable elements with a very simple organization: two inverted repeats flanking a transposase coding gene. IS982 is one of 26 insertion sequence families known so far....

    Authors: Nancy Fayad, Mireille Kallassy Awad and Jacques Mahillon
    Citation: Mobile DNA 2020 11:24
  5. Drosophila has been studied as a biological model for many years and many discoveries in biology rely on this species. Research on transposable elements (TEs) is not an exception. Drosophila has contributed signi...

    Authors: Vincent Mérel, Matthieu Boulesteix, Marie Fablet and Cristina Vieira
    Citation: Mobile DNA 2020 11:23
  6. Endogenous retroviruses (ERVs) are the remnants of retroviral infections which can elicit prolonged genomic and immunological stress on their host organism. In chickens, endogenous Avian Leukosis Virus subgrou...

    Authors: Andrew S. Mason, Ashlee R. Lund, Paul M. Hocking, Janet E. Fulton and David W. Burt
    Citation: Mobile DNA 2020 11:22
  7. Tc1/mariner transposons are widespread DNA transposable elements (TEs) that have made important contributions to the evolution of host genomic complexity in metazoans. However, the evolution and diversity of the

    Authors: Mathilde Dupeyron, Tobias Baril, Chris Bass and Alexander Hayward
    Citation: Mobile DNA 2020 11:21
  8. Extensive and complex links exist between transposable elements (TEs) and satellite DNA (satDNA), which are the two largest fractions of eukaryotic genome. These relationships have a crucial effect on genome s...

    Authors: Alexander Belyayev, Jiřina Josefiová, Michaela Jandová, Václav Mahelka, Karol Krak and Bohumil Mandák
    Citation: Mobile DNA 2020 11:20
  9. The extreme genome reduction and physiological simplicity of some microsporidia has been attributed to their intracellular, obligate parasitic lifestyle. Although not all microsporidian genomes are small (size...

    Authors: Nathalia Rammé Medeiros de Albuquerque, Dieter Ebert and Karen Luisa Haag
    Citation: Mobile DNA 2020 11:19
  10. V(D) J recombination is essential for adaptive immunity in jawed vertebrates and is initiated by the RAG1-RAG2 endonuclease. The RAG1 and RAG2 genes are thought to have evolved from a RAGL (RAG-like) transposon c...

    Authors: Eliza C. Martin, Célia Vicari, Louis Tsakou-Ngouafo, Pierre Pontarotti, Andrei J. Petrescu and David G. Schatz
    Citation: Mobile DNA 2020 11:17
  11. Nearly half the human genome consists of repeat elements, most of which are retrotransposons, and many of which play important biological roles. However repeat elements pose several unique challenges to curren...

    Authors: Jason D. Fernandes, Armando Zamudio-Hurtado, Hiram Clawson, W. James Kent, David Haussler, Sofie R. Salama and Maximilian Haeussler
    Citation: Mobile DNA 2020 11:13
  12. Mobile elements are ubiquitous components of mammalian genomes and constitute more than half of the human genome. Polymorphic mobile element insertions (pMEIs) are a major source of human genomic variation and...

    Authors: Jui Wan Loh, Hongseok Ha, Timothy Lin, Nawei Sun, Kathleen H. Burns and Jinchuan Xing
    Citation: Mobile DNA 2020 11:12
  13. Previously, 3% of the human genome has been annotated as simple sequence repeats (SSRs), similar to the proportion annotated as protein coding. The origin of much of the genome is not well annotated, however, ...

    Authors: Jonathan A. Shortt, Robert P. Ruggiero, Corey Cox, Aaron C. Wacholder and David D. Pollock
    Citation: Mobile DNA 2020 11:11
  14. Transposable elements (TEs) are endogenous mutagens and their harmful effects are especially evident in syndromes of hybrid dysgenesis. In Drosophila virilis, hybrid dysgenesis is a syndrome of incomplete gonadal...

    Authors: Lucas W. Hemmer, Guilherme B. Dias, Brittny Smith, Kelley Van Vaerenberghe, Ashley Howard, Casey M. Bergman and Justin P. Blumenstiel
    Citation: Mobile DNA 2020 11:10
  15. The cell-surface attachment protein (Env) of the HERV-K(HML-2) lineage of endogenous retroviruses is a potentially attractive tumour-associated antigen for anti-cancer immunotherapy. The human genome contains ...

    Authors: Witold Tatkiewicz, James Dickie, Franchesca Bedford, Alexander Jones, Mark Atkin, Michele Kiernan, Emmanuel Atangana Maze, Bora Agit, Garry Farnham, Alexander Kanapin and Robert Belshaw
    Citation: Mobile DNA 2020 11:9

    The Correction to this article has been published in Mobile DNA 2020 11:31

  16. Chromosome organisation is increasingly recognised as an essential component of genome regulation, cell fate and cell health. Within the realm of transposable elements (TEs) however, the spatial information of...

    Authors: Alexandros Bousios, Hans-Wilhelm Nützmann, Dorothy Buck and Davide Michieletto
    Citation: Mobile DNA 2020 11:8
  17. Ligation-mediated PCR protocols have diverse uses including the identification of integration sites of insertional mutagens, integrating vectors and naturally occurring mobile genetic elements. For approaches ...

    Authors: Joanna C. Dawes, Philip Webster, Barbara Iadarola, Claudia Garcia-Diaz, Marian Dore, Bruce J. Bolt, Hamlata Dewchand, Gopuraja Dharmalingam, Alex P. McLatchie, Jakub Kaczor, Juan J. Caceres, Alberto Paccanaro, Laurence Game, Simona Parrinello and Anthony G. Uren
    Citation: Mobile DNA 2020 11:7
  18. Endogenous Retroviruses (ERVs) constitute approximately 8% of every human genome and are relics of ancestral infections that affected the germ line cells. The ERV-W group contributed to primate physiology by p...

    Authors: Nicole Grandi, Maria Paola Pisano, Martina Demurtas, Jonas Blomberg, Gkikas Magiorkinis, Jens Mayer and Enzo Tramontano
    Citation: Mobile DNA 2020 11:6
  19. SINEs are a type of nonautonomous retrotransposon that can transpose from one site to be integrated elsewhere in an organism genome. SINE insertion can give rise to genetic variants and regulate gene expressio...

    Authors: Dong Liu, Jinquan Yang, Wenqiao Tang, Xing Zhang, Clay Matthew Royster and Ming Zhang
    Citation: Mobile DNA 2020 11:4
  20. Following publication of the original article [1], the authors spotted an error in Table 2.

    Authors: Pavel Jedlicka, Matej Lexa, Ivan Vanat, Roman Hobza and Eduard Kejnovsky
    Citation: Mobile DNA 2020 11:3

    The original article was published in Mobile DNA 2019 10:50

  21. Retrotransposons are one of the oldest evolutionary forces shaping mammalian genomes, with the ability to mobilize from one genomic location to another. This mobilization is also a significant factor in human ...

    Authors: Tiffany Kaul, Maria E. Morales, Alton O. Sartor, Victoria P. Belancio and Prescott Deininger
    Citation: Mobile DNA 2020 11:2
  22. Long interspersed element-1 (LINE-1, L1) is the major driver of mobile DNA activity in modern humans. When expressed, LINE-1 loci produce bicistronic transcripts encoding two proteins essential for retrotransp...

    Authors: Daniel Ardeljan, Xuya Wang, Mehrnoosh Oghbaie, Martin S. Taylor, David Husband, Vikram Deshpande, Jared P. Steranka, Mikhail Gorbounov, Wan Rou Yang, Brandon Sie, H. Benjamin Larman, Hua Jiang, Kelly R. Molloy, Ilya Altukhov, Zhi Li, Wilson McKerrow…
    Citation: Mobile DNA 2019 11:1
  23. Transposable elements (TEs) are an important source of genomic variability in eukaryotic genomes. Their activity impacts genome architecture and gene expression and can lead to drastic phenotypic changes. Ther...

    Authors: Pol Vendrell-Mir, Fabio Barteri, Miriam Merenciano, Josefa González, Josep M. Casacuberta and Raúl Castanera
    Citation: Mobile DNA 2019 10:53
  24. Sequencing technologies give access to a precise picture of the molecular mechanisms acting upon genome regulation. One of the biggest technical challenges with sequencing data is to map millions of reads to a...

    Authors: Aurélie Teissandier, Nicolas Servant, Emmanuel Barillot and Deborah Bourc’his
    Citation: Mobile DNA 2019 10:52
  25. Nesting is common in LTR retrotransposons, especially in large genomes containing a high number of elements.

    Authors: Pavel Jedlicka, Matej Lexa, Ivan Vanat, Roman Hobza and Eduard Kejnovsky
    Citation: Mobile DNA 2019 10:50

    The Correction to this article has been published in Mobile DNA 2020 11:3

  26. Miniature inverted repeat transposable elements (MITEs) are small non-autonomous DNA transposons that are ubiquitous in plant genomes, and are mobilised by their autonomous relatives. Stowaway MITEs are derived f...

    Authors: Alicja Macko-Podgórni, Katarzyna Stelmach, Kornelia Kwolek and Dariusz Grzebelus
    Citation: Mobile DNA 2019 10:47
  27. Baboons (genus Papio) and geladas (Theropithecus gelada) are now generally recognized as close phylogenetic relatives, though morphologically quite distinct and generally classified in separate genera. Primate sp...

    Authors: Jerilyn A. Walker, Vallmer E. Jordan, Jessica M. Storer, Cody J. Steely, Paulina Gonzalez-Quiroga, Thomas O. Beckstrom, Lydia C. Rewerts, Corey P. St. Romain, Catherine E. Rockwell, Jeffrey Rogers, Clifford J. Jolly, Miriam K. Konkel and Mark A. Batzer
    Citation: Mobile DNA 2019 10:46
  28. The Tc1/mariner superfamily might represent the most diverse and widely distributed group of DNA transposons. Several families have been identified; however, exploring the diversity of this superfamily and updati...

    Authors: Yatong Sang, Bo Gao, Mohamed Diaby, Wencheng Zong, Cai Chen, Dan Shen, Saisai Wang, Yali Wang, Zoltán Ivics and Chengyi Song
    Citation: Mobile DNA 2019 10:45
  29. Unicellular species make up the majority of eukaryotic diversity, however most studies on transposable elements (TEs) have centred on multicellular host species. Such studies may have therefore provided a limi...

    Authors: Jade Southworth, C. Alastair Grace, Alan O. Marron, Nazeefa Fatima and Martin Carr
    Citation: Mobile DNA 2019 10:44
  30. The use of large-scale genomic analyses has resulted in an improvement of transposable element sampling and a significant increase in the number of reported HTT (horizontal transfer of transposable elements) e...

    Authors: Izabella L. Tambones, Annabelle Haudry, Maryanna C. Simão and Claudia M. A. Carareto
    Citation: Mobile DNA 2019 10:43
  31. Following publication of the original article [1], the authors reported errors in Table 2 wherein all "KZFP” in the gene names should be changed to “ZNF”.

    Authors: Nicky Chung, G. M. Jonaid, Sophia Quinton, Austin Ross, Corinne E. Sexton, Adrian Alberto, Cody Clymer, Daphnie Churchill, Omar Navarro Leija and Mira V. Han
    Citation: Mobile DNA 2019 10:41

    The original article was published in Mobile DNA 2019 10:39

  32. Transposable elements in prokaryotes are found in many forms and therefore a robust nomenclature system is needed in order to allow researchers to describe and search for them in publications and databases. He...

    Authors: Supathep Tansirichaiya, Md. Ajijur Rahman and Adam P. Roberts
    Citation: Mobile DNA 2019 10:40
  33. Despite the long-held assumption that transposons are normally only expressed in the germ-line, recent evidence shows that transcripts of transposable element (TE) sequences are frequently found in the somatic...

    Authors: Nicky Chung, G. M. Jonaid, Sophia Quinton, Austin Ross, Corinne E. Sexton, Adrian Alberto, Cody Clymer, Daphnie Churchill, Omar Navarro Leija and Mira V. Han
    Citation: Mobile DNA 2019 10:39

    The Correction to this article has been published in Mobile DNA 2019 10:41

  34. Henny feathering in chickens is determined by a dominant mutation that transforms male-specific plumage to female-like plumage. Previous studies indicated that this phenotype is caused by ectopic expression in...

    Authors: Jingyi Li, Brian W. Davis, Patric Jern, Ben. J. Dorshorst, Paul B. Siegel and Leif Andersson
    Citation: Mobile DNA 2019 10:38
  35. Transposable elements (TEs) can be key drivers of evolution, but the mechanisms and scope of how they impact gene and genome function are largely unknown. Previous analyses revealed that TE-mediated gene ampli...

    Authors: Braham Dhillon, Gert H. J. Kema, Richard C. Hamelin, Burt H. Bluhm and Stephen B. Goodwin
    Citation: Mobile DNA 2019 10:37
  36. A considerable portion of the human genome derives from retroviruses inherited over millions of years. Human endogenous retroviruses (HERVs) are usually severely mutated, yet some coding-competent HERVs exist....

    Authors: Giuseppe Rigogliuso, Martin L. Biniossek, John L. Goodier, Bettina Mayer, Gavin C. Pereira, Oliver Schilling, Eckart Meese and Jens Mayer
    Citation: Mobile DNA 2019 10:36
  37. Ppmar1 and Ppmar2 are two active mariner-like elements (MLEs) cloned from moso bamboo (Phyllostachys edulis (Carrière) J. Houz) genome possessing transposases that harbour nuclear export signal (NES) domain, but ...

    Authors: Muthusamy Ramakrishnan, Ming-Bing Zhou, Chun-Fang Pan, Heikki Hänninen, Ding-Qin Tang and Kunnummal Kurungara Vinod
    Citation: Mobile DNA 2019 10:35
  38. Kinetoplastids are a flagellated group of protists, including some parasites, such as Trypanosoma and Leishmania species, that can cause diseases in humans and other animals. The genomes of these species enclose ...

    Authors: Yasmin Carla Ribeiro, Lizandra Jaqueline Robe, Danila Syriani Veluza, Cyndia Mara Bezerra dos Santos, Ana Luisa Kalb Lopes, Marco Aurélio Krieger and Adriana Ludwig
    Citation: Mobile DNA 2019 10:34
  39. Associations between X-inactive transcript (Xist)–long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) and chromatin are critical intermolecular interactions in the X-chromosome inactivation (XCI) process. Despite high-resolution anal...

    Authors: Yoko Matsuno, Takefumi Yamashita, Michiru Wagatsuma and Hajime Yamakage
    Citation: Mobile DNA 2019 10:33

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