Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Plastid genome sizes in photosynthetic organisms and their non-photosynthetic relatives [108].

From: Mobile DNA and evolution in the 21st century

Angiosperms Plastid genome size (No. coding sequences)
Nicotiana tabacum 155.9 kb (146)
Arabidopsis 154 kb
Oryzae 135 kb
Epifagus virginiana (holoparasite) 70.0 kb (53)
Trebouxiophytes (green algae)  
Chlorella vulgaris 150.6 kb (209)
Helicosporidium sp. (invertebrate pathogen) 37.5 kb (54)
Prototheca wickerhammii (saprophytic algal pathogen) 54.1 kb
Euglenids (flagellates)  
Euglena gracilis 143.2 kb (128)
Euglena longa (heterotroph) 73.3 kb (84)
Apicomplexans (containing secondarily acquired red algal plastids)  
Odontella sinensis (photosynthetic diatom) 119.7 kb (175)
Plasmodium falciparum (malarial parasite) 34.7 kb (68)
Toxoplasma gondii (cat parasite) 35.0 kb (65)
Eimeria tenella (poultry pathogen) 34.8 kb (65)
Theileria parva (bovine pathogen) 39.6 kb (71)